➊ Moving To America Back In The 21st Century
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Green Day - 21st Century Breakdown [Official Music Video]
This notion that Beethoven, along with other big names in the classical music canon, was a punk invites some deconstructing. A key issue is the notion that punk - a very short-lived musical movement and arguably, a form of lucrative and cleverly stage-managed outrage - somehow exemplified the "pursuit of the new," as Patti Smith claims. Punk traditions. Punk rock is, if anything, decidedly regressive. It challenges the ear via its raucousness and its provocative and often obscene lyrics, not through audacious musical innovations.
It is sped-up rock 'n' roll, nothing more. Punk relies on traditional instrumentation - guitar, drums, bass - and traditional rock chord structures. It rejected the excesses of other '70s-era musical genres - especially progressive rock and disco - by becoming more stripped down, but also more rootsy: punk is, in essence, a rock revival movement rather than an anarchic reimagining or refashioning of music. The ethnomusicologist Evan Rapport has argued that punk's true roots actually reside in the blues, and makes the provocative claim that the tendency to link punk to the European avant garde constitutes a whitewashing of history that seeks to obscure punk's origins in Black music , much like the discourse concerning Black composers in the 19th and 20th centuries.
The great classical composers, certainly from Mozart onwards, were admittedly idiosyncratic and individualistic, but whether they were radically anti-authoritarian punks is highly debatable. They may have composed music that sometimes vexed their contemporaries, but they also wrote for the box office, courted patrons, sought popularity and were not artistic anarchists: rather, most understood themselves - even the most irascible, like the arch-modernist Schoenberg - to be part of a larger, continuous cultural tradition. Notwithstanding the lack of any true affinity between classical music and punk, Beethoven-as-punk-rocker seems to be part of an effort to assert the ongoing relevance and sexiness of classical music, even as performing organizations and venues struggle to stay afloat, and audiences continue to decline.
It is the case, alas, that most of us no longer have the right ears and brains for this music, which requires focused attention, musical memory, familiarity with a vast lexicon of expressive gestures and an understanding of how large-scale musical structures are built. Drawing connections between snarling, three-minute punk songs and Beethoven's Eighth Symphony in the hopes of simulating interest in the classics and getting bums into seats in concert halls ultimately doesn't help listeners plumb the depths and navigate the richness and complexities of a half hour-long orchestral work. If we must draw some connecting lines between punk and classical music, I suppose we could look to Igor Stravinsky.
The Paris premiere of his ballet Le sacre du printemps is reputed to have sparked a riot , and is lauded as a turning point in the development of musical modernism. Waistcoat" with "M. In the Girl Scouts of the USA , vests are used as an alternative to the sash for the display of badges. In many stock exchanges , traders who engage in open outcry may wear colored sleeveless waistcoats, or trading jackets , with insignia on the back.
Waistcoats, alongside bowties , are commonly worn by billiard players during a tournament. It is usually worn in snooker and blackball tournaments in the United Kingdom. The predecessors to the waistcoat are the Middle Age -era doublet clothing and gambeson. Various types of waistcoats may have been worn in theatrical manners such as performances and masquerades prior to what is said to be the early origins of the vest. The justacorps frock coat was copied from the long zupans worn in Poland and the Ukraine,  the necktie or cravat was derived from a scarf worn by Croatian mercenaries fighting for King Louis XIII of France ,  and the brightly coloured silk waistcoats popularised by King Charles II of England were inspired by exotic Indian and Persian attire acquired by wealthy English travellers.
On October 7 of the year , King Charles II of England revealed that he would be launching a new type of fashion piece in men's wear. John Evelyn wrote about waistcoats on October 18, "To Court, it being the first time his Majesty put himself solemnly into the Eastern fashion of vest, changing doublet, stiff collar, bands and cloak, into a comely dress after the Persian mode, with girdles or straps, and shoestrings and garters into buckles Samuel Pepys , the diarist and civil servant, wrote in October that "the King hath yesterday in council declared his resolution of setting a fashion for clothes which he will never alter. It will be a vest, I know not well how". This royal decree provided the first mention of the waistcoat.
Pepys records "vest" as the original term; the word "waistcoat" derives from the cutting of the coat at waist-level, since at the time of the coining, tailors cut men's formal coats well below the waist see dress coat. An alternative theory is that, as material was left over from the tailoring of a two-piece suit, it was fashioned into a "waste-coat" to avoid that material being wasted, although recent academic debate has cast doubt on this theory. During the 17th century, troops of the regular army — and to some degree also local militia — wore waistcoats which were the reverse colour of their overcoats.
It is believed that these were made by turning old worn-out standard issue overcoats inside-out so that the lining colour appeared on the outside and removing the sleeves. The term "waistcoat" might therefore also be derived from the wastage of the old coat. During the 17th and 18th centuries, men often wore elaborate and brightly coloured waistcoats, until changing fashions in the nineteenth century narrowed this to a more restricted palette, and the development of lounge suits began the period of matching informal waistcoats.
After the French Revolution of , anti-aristocratic sentiment in France and elsewhere in Europe influenced the wardrobes of both men and women, and waistcoats followed, becoming much less elaborate. After about the fit of the waistcoat became shorter and tighter, becoming much more secondary to the frock-coat overcoat and almost counting as an undergarment, although its popularity was larger than ever. With the new dandyism of the early 19th century, the waistcoat started to change roles, moving away from its function as the centrepiece of the visual aspect of male clothing, towards serving as a foundation garment , often with figure-enhancing abilities.
From the s onwards, elite gentlemen—at least those among the more fashionable circles, especially the younger set and the military —wore corsets. The waistcoat served to emphasize the new popularity of the cinched-in waist for males, and became skin-tight, with the overcoat cut to emphasize the figure: broader shoulders, a pouting chest, and a nipped-in waist. Without a corset, a man's waistcoat often had whalebone stiffeners and were laced in the back, with reinforced buttons up the front, so that one could pull the lacings in tight to mould the waist into the fashionable silhouette. Prince Albert , husband of Queen Victoria , had a reputation for his tight corsets and tiny waist; and although he lacked popularity during his early reign, men followed his style , and waistcoats became even more restrictive.
This fashion remained throughout the 19th century, although after about the style changed from that of a corseted look to a straighter line, with less restriction at the waist, so that the waistcoat followed a straighter line up the torso. Toward the end of the century, the Edwardian look made a larger physique more popular—King Edward VII having a large figure. Waistcoats are popular within the indie and steampunk subcultures in the United States. Non-formal types of waistcoat have been used in workers uniforms, such as at Walmart prior to ,  and as high-visibility clothing usually the bright " safety orange " color. King Charles II inaugurated the "vest" waistcoat along with the modern ideal of the three-piece suit. The coat, waistcoat, and breeches were crafted from the same fabric.
Around the turn of the century, the waistcoat became shorter, ending just below the waistline, allowing the breeches to stick out. Nearly halfway through the century, waistcoats became longer and overlapped with the breeches. Waistcoats became shorter, ended at the waist, and were constructed similarly to the coat. Waistcoats were styled with new and patterned fabrics but just on the front. Waistcoat collars became longer and visible outside of the coat worn over it. The term vest completely replaced the British term waistcoat in American common vernacular.
Around the turn of the 20th century, men were still wearing vests for luxurious occasions. Vests sometimes even included embroidery or hand-painted designs. Instead, Amazon is highlighting all the friction points in the customer shopping journey and eliminating them as much as possible in its own stores. Amazon has understood that what shoppers love most is choice.
But if Amazon remained as only an e-commerce retailer, it would be missing out on all the ways a customer might want to shop. By entering the world of bricks-and-mortar, the retailer is ensuring it has a cut of another revenue stream. Amazon is enabling its customers to shop however they prefer: by voice using an Amazon Echo, by Dash Button, online and now in-store. Amazon may look to open fashion stores to help develop its fashion offering. Until the online shopping experience for fashion is as smooth as the in-store experience, Amazon needs to have a physical shop presence or it will never make the impact that it hopes to.
At its very core, a shop is a giant display room for your products. You can find boxes and boxes of Echo smart speakers around the Amazon Go stores. If customers buy the Amazon Echo, they might be tempted to shop through Alexa. As one of the giants of e-commerce, Amazon knows only too well the cost of shipping which is a huge pressure on the supply chain. By accessing store space, it means Amazon can reduce shipping costs and improve the returns process for customers. The stores can act as pick-up points for customers, so Amazon lowers its delivery costs.
Customers want to be able to return their orders easily.Archived from the original on March 20, Retrieved May 30, Moving To America Back In The 21st Century Corp.